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Flight Training – Cross-wind Landings Video from AOPA.

Hi. I am Ian Twombly for AOPALive and today we
are going to do a bit of cross-wind landings on Microsoft Flight Sim. A little bit different for the real airplane
but close enough I think for the technique and I will be showing you both techniques,
the crab and the slip. And I will talk a little bit about some of
the controversy that surrounds those. We will start with the crab and the crab is
basically pointing the nose into the wind and following that all the way down final
until you transition into the flare in the landing, at which point you do what is called
kicking out the crab, which is applying rudder to keep the nose straight and aileron to ensure
you do not drift laterally on the runway. We have got the airplane all set up here on
final approach into our home airport in Frederick so we will give it a try. Now you can see the crab is all about tracking,
both techniques really, are all about tracking the extended center line of the runway. I have got a cross-wind from the right which
means my nose is going to be into the wind to the right. So you can see here I am about 10 degrees
to the right but yet I am sort of tracking the runway center line here. The great thing about the crab is it is very
comfortable for your passengers if you have any and you’re probably used to doing it. Turns around the point, rectangular course,
all that kind of stuff is all about ground track and keeping that track in a pattern
so you should be used to that already. You can see I am just a little high but right
about on speed. And really it is just about adapting to the
wind as you come down here. This wind is pretty steady. I think I have it set at about 8 knots. I am going to add just a touch of power. Now where you kick out the crab, where you
apply that rudder, is really entirely up to you. I like to do it fairly close to the runway. Right about here really. So we will slowly take out power. We will do left rudder as you can see, a little
bit of right aileron. And the idea is to land it…whoops… I got a little off center line but you get
the right idea. So you can see aileron into the wind and rudder
to track that center line. That is all there is to the crab. Okay now the second method or other method
is the slip. The slip just involves keeping the nose straight
down the runway with rudder and laterally on that runway extended center line with aileron. So it is basically what you did with the crab
in the landing, but further back up. So let us see the slip method now. So here we are again on final to Frederick. And I have got flaps in, you’ll see I am
a little high but the Sim will make me stall if I give it too much slip so we’re going
to give ourselves some altitude and then it is really just opposite rudder. So here I am going left rudder because we
have the right wind, but you really do not even have to think that much. It is really just rudder to keep your nose
straight down the center line and I am going to add a little bit of power here and then
just aileron into the wind to make sure you do not drift laterally. Because basically what you have done when
you put your nose straight down the runway there is made yourself a barn door to be pushed
off to the side. And then it is really quite easy because the
rudder won’t change a whole lot but the aileron will just to track the center line
so you can see I had a little too much aileron so I am going to take that out and allow myself
to drift back over the center line. And then come back over, take some of that
power out now, and then it is just kind of a finesse game up here. A little too much aileron again. It is only 8 knots so in a real airplane you
would have more aileron than this, but at least for the technique you get the idea here. And just like any landing it is power off
and the flare and then aileron into the wind and ideally we will land on one tire like
we did just there. Track the center line and you’re done. Now as you slow down with both techniques
you’re going to go aileron full into the wind until it is on the stop. And that is the clean way to do the technique. So now with this slip method it is really
up to you when you want to start the slip. You can do it way back up on final, you can
do it halfway or close to the runway, it is up to you. Now as most people get more proficient they
will do it closer to the runway. My opinion, do the crab. It is better for your passengers and I think
ultimately it is a lot easier. Thanks for watching. It is Ian Twombly here for AOPALive.

Reynold King

22 Replies to “Flight Training – Cross-wind Landings Video from AOPA.”

  1. It sounds easy to do, but when you see the runway down there, it is another thing. I would say when in a monitor nothing can go wrong. Good video and thanks for sharing it!

  2. Interesting concepts; really poor editing. If you MUST show the feet – do split screen. We learn by seeing the runway on landing. We can tell what the feet are doing by the visual.

  3. It  would be nice to explain control inputs before you do the procedure. You got to the 1:53 mark crabbing with no mention…just …'nose into the wind'…should I assume   you are doing that with right rudder?

  4. The MS airplanes have horrible crosswind modeling. Try the RealAir C172 for MS. Much more realistic cross controlled flight. And its free.

  5. I actually use both the crab and the sideslip. I crab until about at the roundout, then I do a slide slip to get straight to keep the side loads down on the landing gear.
    X-plane is more realistic than FSX also but does not have as great as graphics.

  6. I am in flight school after reading, but i would like to get that software. where can i get it?

  7. Thanks for the great tutorial which you cover both techniques for crosswind landings in the same video. It would be perfect if there could have been a small screen on the bottom showing the actual pilot's movements on hardware for the rudder / thrust / ailerons while the main screen shows the cockpit view so that the viewer can have an idea of when to apply what.

  8. In this slip situation, I don't understand, why left rudder when wind is from 30-deg right ? Isn't the wing gonna push the airplane further left with left rudder? Don't see how right aileron into the wind will keep the nose on centerline!

  9. I know it's hard to do things properly and talk about it at the same time but it is very distracting that the approach is rather sloppy here. Also, I was taught to fly light aircraft approaches quite a bit on the high side so that you would still make the runway if the engine quit. It looks like you are trying to fly the glideslope which is indicated by the PAPI but you would likely not be able to sustain that descent angle if the engine quits.

  10. Good basic demo explanation of both methods… BUT… you're AOPA !! … can't u fly a REAL airplane OUTSIDE OUTDOORS ay a REAL airport and runway to show us…. Geeez… gimmeabreak… ain't too real or effective using sw game simming. can't believe AOPA puts this out.

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